The aims of this course is to introduce students to drawing instrumentation, representation of real life objects on different size of papers (scaling, dimensioning), projections, views and sections as a tool of professional engineering communication.  

Semiconductor bond, crystals, energy band, hole and electrons current, intrinsic semiconductor pn junction.

Semiconductor diode 

Bipolar transistors (NPN) and (PNP) 

Field effect transistor and Digital electronics

This module is mainly composed of two parts which are the Industrial Pipes and Benchworks


·         Organize the workplace and Select the tools, materials and equipment  : Workplace layout, Sheet metal shapes (Profiles and Sheets), Sheet metal working machines (Welding machine, Rolling machine, Roll forming machine, Bending machines, Shear machines, Folding machine,  Riveting machine, Drilling machine, Pressing machine), tools (Drawing die and punch, Blanking die and punch ).

·         Perform sheet metal work : assemble the equipment ,Current setting and timing,Setting pressure and adjustment, Surface development (Parallel line development method, Radial line development method, Triangular line development method, Cutting operations (Punching, Shearing, Notching, Filing, Grinding, Blanking, Trimming, Perforating), Forming  operations (Bending, Hemming, Flanging, Seaming, Curling, Spinning,Rolling, Embossing, Necking, Bulging, Drawing, Joining operation (Riveting, Welding, Soldering, Bolting, Seaming, Brazing).

·         Perform Housekeeping: Cleaning tools and equipment (Brush, Cloth rug, Mop, Soapy water, Compressed air), Methods of cleaning (Dusting, Removal of dirt, Chemical spraying), Care and storage procedures of tools, equipment and materials.


·         Identify materials: Different  pipe according the weight and  their color code (Light, Medium, Heavy), Different  pipe according to their color code (Brown, Blue or Yellow ,Red or Green), Select  gas pipes according to (Size, Pressure and function),Different types of fittings (Coupling ,Cap, Elbows, Reducer, Nipple, Tee-joint, Double Tee(cross), Union, Socket, Valves, Blow gun and Plug ), Tools and  equipment (Hummer, Pipe wrenches, Hack saw, Pipe cutter, Adjustable spanner, Dies, Pipe vice, Tape measure, Materials, Coupling, Cap, Elbows, Reducer, Nipple, Tee-joint, Double tee(cross), Union, Socket, Valves, Blow gun, Plug, Gas pipes).

·         Joint gas pipes: cutting (Pipe cutter, Hack saw, File, Angle grinder machine), Threading (Dies, Power threading machine), Different methods of joining copper pipes (Compression joints, Capillary joints, Brazing joints), Different method of  bending  by using (Heat, Spring, Bending machine ), Different methods of joining copper pipes (Compression joints, Capillary joints, Brazing joints), Methods of joining cast ductile iron (Flange joints in above ground, ring push-on (Socket and spigot), Caulked joint ), Methods of joining stainless steel (Coupling joint, Arc Welding ).

·         Test the work done: types of tests (Water pressure, Air compressor), Rearrange, Remove the remains, metals chips and dust from the working place.

In our everyday life, we need to communicate with others.  A person who is able to speak appropriately while maintaining eye contact with the audience, uses varied vocabulary and articulate speech to suit the need of the audience is generally said to be an effective speaker. Similarly, an effective writer should be able to use written words in various styles and techniques to communicate his/her message and ideas to the readers. One should have the ability to listen carefully, write and speak clearly in any situation. Therefore good reading, writing, speaking and listening skills are essential for effective communication.